Brazil: Development Strategies and Social Change from Import-Substitution to the “Events of June”

Alfredo Saad Filho


This article offers a political economy interpretation of the mass protests that took place in Brazil in June–July 2013. This interpretation is based on a review of two development strategies—import-substituting industrialization and neoliberalism—and the class structures associated with them. Examining them helps to locate the sources of current social and political conflicts in the country, and the demands of rival social groups. These strategies are analyzed in light of the forms of protest that have emerged under neoliberalism. They lead to the conceptualization of the “lumpenization of politics” and the “facebookization” of protest in the country.

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Studies in Political Economy:
Online ISSN 1918-7033
Print ISSN 0707-8552